Landing Zone Safety

Preparation & Safety

Fireman With Cones

Light sources to mark the Landing Zone (LZ) (all light sources must be well secured)

  • Flares – these may be used to mark the corners of the LZ ONLY when the safety of the personnel and the LZ are assured. Please anchor flares and take the necessary precautions to prevent grass or vegetation fires
  • Be prepared to communicate necessary information to the aircraft including whether the LZ is secure; obstacles and/or hazards; wind direction; and surface type
  • Strobes with amber or red light
  • Illuminated cones

Landing Zones

  • An area clear of wires, trees, towers, and other obstacles is required
  • Day: 100 feet x 100 feet
  • Night: 150 feet x 150 feet
  • Surface should be as smooth and level as possible with no more than a 5 degree slope

Final Approach/Landing

  • Stand with your back to the wind when signaling where the helicopter should land
  • DO NOT shine any lights up at the helicopter
  • Depart LZ when helicopter is on final approach but maintain radio and eye contact
  • Rotor wash can produce high winds during landing and take‐off. Wear hearing and eye protection, secure loose equipment, headgear, and vehicle windows and doors.

Approaching the Aircraft

  • No vehicles within 50 feet of aircraft when the rotor blades are turning
  • No smoking or running within 50 feet of aircraft at any time
  • Only approach from the front of the aircraft when directed to do so by a flight crew member and remain clear of rotor disk area. NEVER FROM THE REAR
  • Approach aircraft from downhill side if on sloped terrain
  • Carry all equipment at waist level
  • DO NOT assist flight crew with opening or closing of doors
  • The flight crew may designate someone as a tail guard. This person should keep ground personnel and bystanders away from the back of the helicopter and tail rotor. The tail guard must be within the pilot’s field of vision and well outside the rotor disc area. The tail rotor guard is never to approach the tail rotor.
  • Always exit in the same direction that you approached the helicopter.

Loading or Off‐Loading

  • The flight crew is responsible for all loading and off‐loading of patients and equipment
  • If help is needed, the flight crew will instruct those personnel designated to assist
  • Wear hearing and eye protection when assisting in a hot load/off‐load. If wearing a helmet it must be secured.